Certified Web Developer Apprentice (CWDVA-apprentice)

Certified Web Developer Apprentice Program Overview

Based on research of industry needs and competencies and skill sets identified as essential for Web technology workers, WebProfessionals.org has designed the following guidelines, learning objectives, and resources as a foundation for those pursuing knowledge, experience, and/or careers as Web Developers and or Webmasters.


The WebProfessionals.org Certified Web Developer Apprentice (CWDA-apprentice) examination measures fundamental competencies for aspiring or practicing Web Developers. The examinee must demonstrate basic knowledge of programming, markup, scripting, dynamic website technologies, servers, networking, and Web Security and Web Business Management that includes basic legal issues and Web Accessibility at the standard defined by this test specification. The skills and knowledge measured by this examination are derived from an industry-wide and worldwide job task analysis which was validated through a survey of hundreds of designers. The results of the survey were used in weighting the domains and ensuring that the weighting is representative of the relative importance of that content to the job requirements of a WOW Certified Web Developer Apprentice. The intent is to certify individuals in a body of knowledge that is identified and accepted as the baseline or foundation of any Web Designer.

NOTE: The exam contains 70 questions. Examinees have 60 minutes to complete the exam. The exam is currently only available in English and available online.

The table below lists the domains measured by this examination and the extent to which they are represented in the examination.

Topics of the exam include:

Domain % Of Examination
Web Programming 25%
Markup 13%
Scripting 15%
Web Site Technologies 10%
Databases 10%
Web Security 5%
Web Business Management 4%
Web Accessibility 3%
TOTAL 100%

Examination Description

The examinee selects, from four (4) or more response options, the option(s) that best complete(s) the statement or answer(s) the question. Distractors or wrong answers are response options that examinees with incomplete knowledge or skill would likely choose, but are generally plausible responses fitting into the content area. Test item formats used in this examination are:

Multiple-choice: The examinee selects one option that best answers the question or completes a statement.

Multiple-response: The examinee selects more than one option that best answers the question or completes a statement.

Sample Directions: Read the statement or question and, from the response options, select only the option(s) that represent(s) the most correct or best answer(s).

Content may include the following. Below is a list of topics for each course objective followed by a list of recommended textbooks.

Examination Domains and Topics

  1. Web Programming
    Content may include the following:

    • JavaScript
    • PHP
    • Python
  2. Markup and Scripting
    Content may include the following:

    • HTML
    • Document Type Definitions (DTDs)
    • HTMl5
    • CSS 3.0
    • XML as it relates to AJAX
  3. Web Design and Graphics
    Content may include the following:

    • Layout
    • Navigation
    • Images
    • Icons
    • Tools
    • Formats
    • Color
    • Imaging
  4. Dynamic Website Technology
    Content may include the following:

    • Application object
    • Session object
    • Cookies
    • JavaScript
    • DOM scripting
  5. Web Database Technology
    Content may include the following:

    • Option Explicit
    • Schema
    • Legacy Systems
    • Relational database model
    • XML as a data store
  6. Servers, Networking and Administration
    7.0 Content may include the following:

    • Linux and Apache or Nginx web servers
    • FTP
    • DNS
    • HTTP
    • TCP/IP
  7. Web Security
    Content may include the following:

    • PGP
    • Public Key Encryption (PKE)
    • SSL
  8. Web Business Management
    Content may include the following:

    • Legal and Copyright Issues
    • Project Management
  9. Web Accessibility
    Content may include the following:

    • The W3C’s Web Accessibility Initiative
    • Planning and coding for accessibility

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